Outcome 4: Young people participate safely and effectively in groups

Group work is an important tool within youth work. Working within a group helps young people to develop communication skills, to resolve conflict effectively, to work well within team, to support other young people and to take on leadership roles.

An important element of group work is the understanding of power within a group. A group can refer to any gathering of young people and is best defined locally. It might be a formal group with a clear remit and ways of working, or it might be a group of young people who come together to work on a task.

There are three component parts to this outcome:

  • Participate
  • Safely
  • Effectively

Like all of the Youth Work Outcomes, Outcome 4 and its indicators can be can be used to measure changes in an individual or within a group or project. 

Download the full list of outcomes and indicators.

How to use the indicators

There are nine indicators for you to choose from to help you measure this outcome. You do not need to select all of them. You should select the indicators that are most relevant and useful for your planning and self-evaluation, and those that really help you to understand if your youth work is making a difference.

When using the outcomes and indicators, you need to translate or apply them to your local youth work context. The following questions can help you do this and you can use our Translating Indicators template to help you with this process.

  • What does Outcome 4 mean within the context of the projects or youth work you have selected? Outcome 4 can be applied to a whole service, a project or programme or an individual youth work session.
  • Which indicators are most relevant and useful to your youth work?
  • What do your selected indicators mean in the context of your youth work?
  • What does success look like?
  • How will you measure the indicators?
  • Who will collect the data?
  • How will you store the data?
  • How will you use the data for reflection and service improvement?



Please select an indicator to find more details and suggested ways of measuring it. You should also consider if there are other indicators that you could develop which would be useful to measure this outcome.



Which part of the outcome does it measure?


Young people regularly attend a group



Young people recognise the policies and practice which keep them safe



Young people resolve conflict peacefully within their peer relationships



Young people speak in a group and share their opinions



Young people listen to other people’s opinions



Young people work with others on group tasks



Young people support other young people in a group



Young people shape the direction or progress of a group



Young people understand the role of power within groups



Within each indicator, there are suggestions of how you might measure that particular indicator but this is not an exhaustive list. You can come up with your own way of measuring the indicator and the toolkits in the Other tools to help you section might also be helpful.

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